GYMN-L Digest - 4 May 1996 to 5 May 1996

There are 4 messages totalling 568 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

  1. Gymn's FAQ (4 of 4)
  2. ncaa coverage
  3. Mo Huilan Ad
  4. spring floors


Date:    Sat, 4 May 1996 17:03:55 -0700
From:    ***@NETCOM.COM
Subject: Gymn's FAQ (4 of 4)


Floor Exercise:

-  Full twisting back layout
     Nobuyuki Aihara, Takashi Mitsukuri & Takashi Ono (JPN),
     '60 Olympics
-  Tucked double back
     Lasse Laine (FIN), '67 Europeans
-  Double twisting back layout
     Takashi Ono (JPN), '68 Olympics
-  Triple twisting back layout
     Eizo Kenmostu (JPN), '70 Worlds
-  Piked double back
     Nikolai Andrianov (URS), '73 Europeans
-  Piked full-in
     Vladimir Marchenko (URS), '74 Riga Intl.
-  Double layout
     Nikolai Andrianov (URS), '77 World Cup
-  Double front salto
     Jiri Tabak (TCH), '77 Europeans
-  1.5 twisting 1.5 side salto
     Kurt Thomas (USA), '78 Worlds
-  Triple back
     Valery Lyukin (URS), '87 Europeans
-  Double twisting front layout
     Neil Thomas (GBR), '90 Europeans

Pommel Horse:

-  Flairs
     Kurt Thomas (USA), '76 Olympics
-  Magyar Travel
     Zoltan Magyar (HUN), '76 Olympics
-  Handstand in the middle of a routine
     Bart Conner (USA), Peter Vidmar (USA), Alexander
     Ditiatin (URS), and Yuri Korolev (URS), '82 World Cup
-  Flairs to handstand and back down to Flairs
     Sven Tippelt (GDR), '88 Olympics
-  Tucked back salto dismount
     Lance Ringnald (USA), '88 Olympics


-  Tucked full-in dismount
     Nikolai Andrianov (URS), '73 Europeans
-  Double back layout dismount
     Nikolai Andrianov (URS), '77 World Cup
-  Triple back tucked dismount
     Yuri Korolev (URS), '81 Europeans
-  Double back salto to a hang (Guczoghy)
     Gyorgy Guczoghy (HUN), 82 World Cup
-  Double front salto to a hang (Yamawaki)
     Kyoji Yamawaki (JPN), '84 Olympics
-  Double front salto with 1/2 twist dismount
     Yuri Balabanov (URS), '84 Olomouc
-  Layout Guczoghy
     Paul O'Neill (USA), '92 Worlds


-  Handspring, 1/2 twist to tucked back salto (Cuervo)
     Jorge Cuervo (CUB), '73 University Games
-  Cartwheel, layout side salto
     Roberto Richards (CUB), '80 Olympics
-  Handspring, double front salto
     Ricardo Richards (CUB), '80 Olympics
-  Layout Tsukahara with full twist
     Ron Galimore (USA), '78 (?) NCAA Champs.
-  Layout Tsukahara with double twist
     Artur Akopian (URS), '81 Worlds
-  One-arm handspring to front tucked salto
     Laszlo Boda (HUN), '82 Junior Europeans
-  Layout Cuervo with full twist
     Lou Yun (CHN), '84 Olympics
-  Handspring, front salto with 1.5 twists
     Sylvio Kroll (GDR), 85 Europeans
-  Layout Yurchenko
     Li Jing (CHN), '89 American Cup
-  Layout Yurchenko with double twist
     Alexander Kolyvanov (URS), '90 American Cup

Parallel Bars:

-  Tucked double back
     Mauno Nissinen (FIN), '67 Europeans
-  Piked double back
     Bodgan Makuts (URS), '79 Worlds
-  Backwards giant swing to double back salto between
   the bars
     Koji Sotomura (JPN), '81 Worlds
-  Backwards giant swing with full twist
     Yuri Balabanov (URS), '84 Olomouc

High Bar:


-  Back salto straddled and piked with 1/2 twist to recatch
     Stoyan Deltchev (BUL), '77 Europeans
-  Reverse Hecht over HB to recatch (Tkachev)
     Alexander Tkachev (URS), '77 Europeans
-  Piked back salto with 1/2 twist to recatch
     Eberhard Gienger (FRG), '78 Worlds
-  One-arm giant swing to Tkachev
     Miguel Arroyo (CUB), '79 Worlds
-  Tucked double back salto over bar to recatch
     Kovacs (HUN), '79 Europeans
-  Full-twisting Gienger
     Jacques Def (FRA), '81 Worlds
-  Tucked front salto over bar to recatch
     Mitch Gaylord (USA), '81 Worlds
-  2 consecutive Tkachevs
     Yuri Korolev (URS), '82 World Cup
-  One-arm giant swing to Deltchev (one-hand recatch)
     Zsolt Borkai (HUN), '84 Olomouc

-  Double twisting back layout
     Gerhard Dietrich (GDR), '66 Worlds
-  Piked double back
     Andrzej Szajna (POL) & Mitsuo Tsukahara (JPN),
     '70 Worlds
-  Tucked double back with full twist
     Mitsuo Tsukahara (JPN), '72 Olympics
-  Tucked triple back
     Nikolai Andrianov (URS), '74 Worlds
-  Double back layout
     Nikolai Andrianov (URS), '77 World Cup
-  Double back layout with full twist
     Yuri Korolev (URS), '81 Europeans
-  Double twisting double layout salto
     Mas Watanabe (JPN), '83 Worlds
-  Tucked triple back with full twist in 1st salto
     Maik Belle (GDR), '87 Europeans
-  Triple twisting double back layout
     Alexander Fedorchenko (KAZ), '95 Worlds

[E.3]  Who are the current champions?

Team: Men (EUN), Women (EUN)
AA:   Vitaly Scherbo (EUN), Tatiana Gutsu (EUN)

Women's events:
V:   Lavinia Milosovici (ROM) and Henrietta Onodi (HUN)
UB:  Lu Li (CHN)
B:   Tatiana Lysennko (EUN)
FX:  Lavinia Milosovici (ROM)

Men's events:
FX:  Li Xiaoshuang (CHN)
PH:  Vitaly Scherbo (EUN), and Pae Gil Su (PRK)
SR:  Vitaly Scherbo (EUN)
V:   Vitaly Scherbo (EUN)
PB:  Vitaly Scherbo (EUN)
HB:  Trent Dimas (USA)


Team: Men (CHN), Women (ROM)
AA: Li Xiaoshuang (CHN), Lilia Podkopayeva (UKR)

Women's events:
V: Gina Gogean (ROM)
UB: Svetlana Khorkina (RUS) and Elena Piskun (BLR)
B: Dina Kochetkova (RUS)
FX: Gina Gogean (ROM)

Men's events:
FX: Vitaly Scherbo (BLR)
PH: Pae Gil Su (PRK)
SR: Yuri Chechi (ITA)
V: Alexei Nemov (RUS)
PB: Rustam Sharipov (UKR)
HB: Jesus Carballo (ESP)

Team:  Men (BLR), Women (ROM)
AA:   Ivan Ivankov (BLR), Gina Gogean (ROM)

Women's events:
V:   Lavinia Milosovici (ROM)
UB:  Svetlana Khorkina (RUS)
B:   Gina Gogean (ROM)
FX:  Lilia Podkopayeva (UKR)

Men's events:
FX:  Ivan Ivanov (BUL)
PH:  Marius Urzica (ROM)
SR:  Yuri Chechi (ITA)
V:   Vitaly Scherbo (BLR)
PB:  Alexei Nemov (RUS) and Rustam Sharipov (UKR)
HB:  Aljaz Pegan (SLO)

AA:  John Roethlisberger and Dominique Moceanu

Women's events:
V:  Shannon Miller
UB: Dominique Dawes
B:  Doni Thompson and Monica Flammer
FX: Dominique Dawes

Men's events:
FX:Daniel Stover
PH:  Mark Sohn
SR:  Paul O'Neill
V: David St. Pierre
PB: John Roethlisberger
HB: John Roethlisberger

[E.4]  Who are the former champions?

These are just the most recent results.  For more complete
results, read the results files found at


The USSR women won the team title in every Olympic Games in
which they took part.  The exception is the '84 Olympics,
which the USSR boycotted.  Romania captured the gold on this
occasion.  Three men's teams have won Olympic gold.  Japan
has won 5 times ('60, '64, '68, '72, and '76), and USSR 4
times ('52, '56, '80 and '88) and the USA once ('84).

AA (women,men)
1952:  M. Gorokhovskaya (URS), V. Chukarin (URS)
1956:  L. Latynina (URS), V. Chukarin (URS)
1960:  L. Latynina (URS), B. Shakhlin (URS)
1964:  V. Caslavska (TCH), Y. Endo (JPN)
1968:  V. Caslavska (TCH), S. Kato (JPN)
1972:  L. Turischev (URS), S. Kato (JPN)
1976:  N. Comaneci (ROM), N. Andrianov (URS)
1980:  E. Davydova (URS), A. Ditiatin (URS)
1984:  M. Retton (USA), K. Gushiken (JPN)
1988:  E. Shushunova (URS), V. Artemov (URS)

World (men team, women team, men AA, women AA)
1954: URS; URS; V. Muratov (URS); G. Rudiko (URS)
1958: URS; URS; B. Shakhlin (URS); L. Latynina (URS)
1962: JPN; URS; Y. Titov (URS), L. Latynina (URS)
1966: JPN; TCH; M. Voronin (URS); V. Caslavska (TCH)
1970: JPN; URS; E. Kenmostu (JPN); L. Turischeva (URS)
1974: JPN; URS; S. Kasamatsu (JPN); L. Turischeva (URS)
1978: JPN; URS; N. Andrianov (URS); E. Mukhina (URS)
1979: URS; ROM; A. Ditiatin (URS); N. Kim (URS)
1981: URS; URS; Y. Korolev (URS); O. Bicherova (URS)
1983: CHN; URS; D. Bilozerchev (URS); N. Yurchenko (URS)
1985: URS; URS; Y. Korolev (URS); E. Shushunova & O. Omelianchik (URS)
1987: URS; ROM; D. Bilozerchev (URS); A. Dobre (ROM)
1989: URS; URS; I. Korobchinsky (URS); S. Boginskaya (URS)
1991: URS; URS; G. Misutin (URS); K. Zmeskal (USA)
1993: [no team]; V. Scherbo (BLR); S. Miller (USA)
1994: CHN; ROM; I. Ivankov (BLR); S. Miller (USA)

1955: [no women]; B. Shakhlin (URS)
1957: L. Latynina (URS); J. Blume (ESP)
1959: N. Kot (POL); Y. Titov (URS)
1961: L. Latynina (URS); M. Cerar (YUG)
1963: M. Bilic (YUG); M. Cerar (YUG)
1965: V. Caslavska (TCH); F. Menichelli (ITA)
1967: V. Caslavska (TCH); M. Voronin (URS)
1969: K. Janz (GDR); M. Voronin (URS)
1971: L. Turischeva & T. Lazakovich (URS); V. Klimenko (URS)
1973: L. Turischeva (URS); V. Klimenko (URS)
1975: N. Comaneci (ROM); N. Andrianov (URS)
1977: N. Comaneci (ROM); V. Markelov (URS)
1979: N. Comaneci (ROM); S. Deltchev (BUL)
1981: M. Gnauck (GDR); A. Tkachev (URS)
1983: O. Bicherova (URS); D. Bilozerchev (URS)
1985: E. Shushunova (URS); D. Bilozerchev (URS)
1987: D. Silivas (ROM); V. Lyukin (URS)
1989: S. Boginskaya (URS); I. Korobchinsky (URS)
1990: S. Boginskaya (URS); V. Mogilny (URS)
1992: T. Gutsu (UKR); I. Korobchinsky (UKR)

[F.1]  What is the IOC? FIG? USOC? USAG? USGF? NCAA? AAU?

All of these cryptic abbreviations represent organizations
or "governing bodies" in the sport of gymnastics.

IOC - International Olympic Committee.  President is Juan
Antonio Samaranch.  Headquarters are in Switzerland.
Organizes the Olympics.

FIG - Federation International de Gymnastique (International
Federation of Gymnastics).  President is Yuri Titov.
Headquarters are in Moutier, Switzerland.  International
governing body for the sport of gymnastics.

USAG/USGF - "USA Gymnastics" (operating name) or "US
Gymnastics Federation" (legal entity).  President is Kathy
Scanlan; Chair of the Board is Sandy Knapp.  Headquarters
are in Indianapolis, IN.  National governing body (NGB) for
gymnastics in the USA.  USAG is a member of both the USOC
and the FIG.

NCAA - National Collegiate Athletics Association.  President
is Cedric Dempsey.  Headquarters are in Kansas City, MO.
Governing organization for collegiate sport in the USA.

AAU - Amateur Athletic Union.  Headquarters are in
Orlando, FL.  Former national governing body for the
sport of gymnastics in the USA.  Presents the Sullivan Award
each year to the best amateur athlete in the nation.

USAIGC - US Association of Independent Gymnastics Clubs.

CGA - Collegiate Gymnastics Association.

[F.2]  How do I get tickets to...?

You can e-mail USA Gymnastics at to request
more information, or call them at (317-237-5050).

[F.3]  Why don't gymnasts really compete as a team, all at
once on the mat?

There is another sport called "acrogymnastics" or "sports
acrobatics" in which gymnasts do compete with each other on
the mat.  Divisions are women's pair, women's trio, men's
pair, men's four, and mixed pairs (one man and one woman).
Acrogymnastics in the US is governed by the US Sports
Acrobatics Federation.  There are world championships held
for sports acrobatics but it is not yet an Olympic sport.
It's quite popular, however, and is hoping to be a
demonstration sport soon.  Sports acro also includes men's
and women's tumbling.

[F.4]  What is rhythmic gymnastics?

Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that demands a high skill
level in manipulating and controlling various apparatus
while performing a routine on the floor mat.  Gymnasts (only
women participate in RSG) are not allowed to flip or perform
acrobatic elements but rather concentrate on expressing
their choreography, demonstrating mastery of the apparatus
and performing leaps, spins, rolls, and other elements.
There are five apparatus (hoop, clubs, ribbon, rope, and
ball) but only four are competed each year.  Gymnasts either
perform alone or in groups or five.  The group event will be
added to the Olympics for the first time in 1996.  Sometimes
artistic gymnasts will turn to rhythmic gymnastics in favor
of the lower rate of injury in the rhythmic version of the

[F.5]  How do I get involved?

To enroll in gymnastics classes, check your yellow pages for
gymnastics schools.  Don't forget local YMCAs and colleges,
which may offer recreational classes for both children
adults.  Good questions to ask the gym are if their
instructors are USGF safety-certified, what type of
insurance coverage they have, and what programs they offer
(competitive, recreational, etc.).  Speak to parents at the
gym for references.

[F.6]  What do gymnasts wear?

Yes, most gymnasts do wear underwear, if you were wondering.
Also called "briefs," they often match the color of the
leotard.  Generally, in practice, girls wear tank leos and
biker shorts.  Men will wear shorts and a t-shirt (or
whatever is handy).  In competition, the women wear long-
sleeved leotards, and men wear a jersey that resembles a
tank-top leotard ("comp top"), with either shorts or
competition pants, depending on the event they are
competing.  Some gymnasts will wear special shoes; if
swinging bars or competing on rings, they will wear "grips"
on their hands to help the secure their grip of the bar or
ring.  On parallel bars, men may wear tubes of fabric on
their upper arms to prevent from ripping off the skin (which
happens when they catch a double or other flighty skill).

[F.7]  What is the chalk for?

The chalk that gymnasts rub on their hands and sometimes
feet is magnesium carbonate.  It absorbs any sweat on the
hands and/or feet and enables the gymnast to improve their
grasp of the apparatus.

[G.1]  Are there any gymnastics resources on the Net?

Quite a few!  Check out Gymn's web page,

for more information.

[G.2]  Are there any good magazines to subscribe to?

Magazines about the elite/international arena of gymnastics

Gym Stars
44 Fitzjohn's Avenue
London NW3 5LX

International Gymnast
P.O Box 721020
Norman, OK 73070

USA Gymnastics
Pan American Plaza
Suite 300
Indianapolis, IN 46255

Other magazine addresses can be found at



Many thanks to the following contributors, who provided
helpful corrections and suggestions:

Deb, Myra
Grace, Richard
Mayland, Susan
Dory Mary, Lynne

This FAQ can be found at:

FAQ Maintainers:


1.02 --  AAU is in Orlando, FL, not Indianapolis, IN.
         Expanded list of international invitational meets.
         Updated address for "International Gymnast".
         Boginskaya returned to Karolyi's gym.
1.03 --  Bilozerchev no longers coaches at Brown's.
         Zmeskal gives up her comeback attempt.  Expanded
         explanation of men's deductions.  Include mention
         of recreational gymnastics programs.  Comaneci is
         now married to Conner.


Date:    Sat, 4 May 1996 21:03:30 -0400
From:    ***@UMICH.EDU
Subject: Re: ncaa coverage

I too saw the coverage on CBS - it was good,  but i wish they could do an
entire show on the individual and all around competitions.  Being from
Michigan, i was disappointed to see only wendy and beth highlighted once
each.  I didn't like andrea joyce's comment after beth amelkovich's bar
routine that a 9.875 just wasn't good enough...but then when people would
score a 9.9  she would say how great the score was...but i am biased.
i guess i would have liked them to have pointed out that the scores were
really tight, and that UM's 196.++  would have won the competition last year.

oh well....
GO BLUE IN 1997!!!!

> I was just wondering how much of the increase in difficulty on fx is due
> to use of spring floors, esp. in women's gymnastics (I don't even know
> what kind of floors the men are using, but I'm assuming they're the
> same).  Any takers?
> The ncaa women's team finals coverage, by cbs, is really very good,
> despite the shortness of the presentation:  pretty much routine after
> routine after routine.  And the gymnasts looked great!   I'm not going
> to say much, just wanted to encourage those of you in time zones to the
> west to watch, if you weren't already going to and are signed on at the
> moment.  One complaint:  surely, Julianne, there is another term for
> that move on beam besides 'fish flop' (ie., according to the gymn faq, a
> korbut, or (ick) korbut "flic").  No matter what people may call it in
> practice -- and having been out of it for awhile, i have no idea other
> than that I must assume that people Julianne worked out with called it
> this -- surely there's a term that won't embarass us aficionados in
> front of the rest of the sports-watching world.  And the term "Korbut"
> is probably good for pr, don't you think?
> --Ann


Date:    Sat, 4 May 1996 22:48:09 EDT
From:    ***@PRODIGY.COM
Subject: Mo Huilan Ad

I saw a post mentioning something about an magazine ad with Mo Huilan.
 I am not familiar with it. Somebody fill me in. We don't see many
foreign gymnasts involved with endorsements or advertising in the U.S.

Oh, news flash, Dominque is featured in an advertisement for Bell
South. It just appeared in a special insert to the Sunday paper (the
insert is related to the Olympic Stadium in Atlanta). Her face is
blown-up, and a small picture of her jumping is shown in the upper
right hand corner. We are going to be seeing a whole lot of her in
the near, near future in TV ads, magazine spots, etc.


Date:    Sun, 5 May 1996 02:41:14 -0700
Subject: Re: spring floors

While i'm not an expert on this issue, i would say that quite a lot of the
increase in difficulty is due to better and safer (?) equipment, such as
spring floors. I competed and trained on wrestling mats for most of my
gymnastics career (high school, and our club wasn't all that big) and i
can say from experience that the floor makes a big difference. Wrestling
mats were, among other things, extremely hard on my body--and when i
finally got to work on a spring floor, everything was _much_ easier.

While i'm here, a quick re-intro: I'm stephanie lingwood,  i
attend the university of washington, and i have mostly a recreational gymn
background. I went to a small club for a while, did gymnastics in high
school, and also coached for a while, which i loved--mostly level 4-5, a
recreational-optional team (now there is a neat program) and also helped
the high school team. Now i'm just taking rec classes through my
school--well, not recently, due to unfortunately slipping off the
springboard while doing front stuff onto mats. (Ouch! Not recommended.)
I've really enjoyed the technical strings we've had (back handsprings,
full-outs) and wouldn't mind seeing more of those.
Just my $.03.


End of GYMN-L Digest - 4 May 1996 to 5 May 1996